Los adjetivos en el desarrollo léxico tardío: análisis de narraciones escritas por estudiantes secundarios

  • Soledad Aravena Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Riva Quiroga PUC
Palabras clave: adjetivos – desarrollo – escritura narrativa – grupos socioeconómicos

Resumen

Se aplicó una tarea de escritura narrativa a 120 estudiantes chilenos de tres niveles secundarios y dos grupos socioeconómicos. En sus textos se analizaron los adjetivos en términos de frecuencia y en cuanto a sus rasgos morfológicos (simples, derivados), sintácticos (función predicativa, modificadora y prenominales, posnominales) y semánticos (calificativos, relacionales). Los resultados muestran que el factor edad / nivel escolar es significativo para todas las medidas analizadas, mientras que el factor socioeconómico solo incide en el uso de adjetivos relacionales. Esto se interpreta en términos de su potencial para referir a las entidades de modo preciso y especializado, rasgos propios del lenguaje de la escuela. Se concluye la gran pertinencia de los adjetivos para estudiar cómo se manifiesta y evoluciona la riqueza léxica durante la adolescencia.

Biografía del autor/a

Soledad Aravena , Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Chilena, Doctora en Lingüística por la Universidad de Barcelona, profesora del Departamento de Ciencias del Lenguaje Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC)

Riva Quiroga , PUC

Candidata a Doctora en Lingüística, PUC.

Citas

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Publicado
2021-05-14
Sección
Lingüística